Creswell (2009) described the theoretical framework as a rainbow arc, bridging the dependent and independent variables to provide an overarching explanation of how and why the independent variable may predict [or affect] the dependent variable. It will help to review Creswell’s definitions of dependent and independent variables [Chap.3, p. 50], which were also pointed out in the M1.A2 Discussion about setting up your potential research questions using the relational model.
To further explain Creswell’s rainbow arc metaphor with an example: If the independent variable in a relational research question is types of classroom educational practices and the dependent variable is student success in learning, envision how a theory like Gardner’s theory of multiple intelligences could be the theoretical framework or rainbow arc a researcher might use as a possible explanatory link for how one variable predicts the other. In this case, the theoretical perspective is that multiple intelligence theory applied to classroom educational practices could impact student success in learning. Since there are many possible theories that could connect these two variables, can you see how focusing on a single theory might focus this research question?
Another example from your recent article critique: Consider how Langer (2002) used theories about the concept of reflection, under his heading, “The Concept of Reflection in Learning,” as a theoretical/conceptual framework, or lens, as a way to frame the concept of journals as a learning tool for adults (p. 338), citing definitions of reflection from different researchers. He could have taken quite a different approach with different theories, for example, adult learning theories, for his ‘rainbow arc’ to connect the variables that framed the research question for his study.
As you read the literature on your own research topic, look at the different variables researchers have used in their research questions, and note how they have connected relevant theories to focus or frame the relationship between the variables. These are theoretical or conceptual frameworks at work!
The reading assignment for this week includes Chapter 3, “The Use of Theory,” in Creswell (2009), where theory is defined and framed, based on its uses in different kinds of empirical research, i.e. quantitative, qualitative, and mixed methods. Reviewing this carefully can help to give you a useful context for the concept of theory and theoretical framework, as well as his brief definitions of dependent and independent variables [p.50], as mentioned above.
For this assignment, post your response, DIRECTLY to the Discussion, considering the following ideas about the nature of a theoretical/conceptual framework.
Presented a clear and succinct definition of the term theoretical framework in your purpose statement along with a map on how you have structured the remaining paper.
Listed the two variables in Langer’s research question, and described how Langer connected his theoretical framework to these variables.
Included a brief example of a theoretical framework from the article used in Module 3 Assignment 2, identified the two key variables, and explained the role of the specific theory that linked the key variables.
Made positive and significant contributions (a minimum of two additional posts to peer submissions) to the module’s discussion.
Wrote in a clear, concise, and organized manner; demonstrated ethical scholarship in accurate representation and attribution of sources; displayed accurate spelling, grammar, and punctuation.
please use those articles:
Creswell, J. W. (2009). Research methods: Qualitative, quantitative, and mixed methods approaches. Nebraska: SAGE Publications.
Galassi, J. P., & Akos, P. (2007). Strengths-based school counseling: Promoting student development and achievement. Mahwah, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates.
Langer, A.M. (2007). Reflection on practice: Using learning journals in higher and continuing education. Teaching in Higher Education, 7(3).
Mulloy, M. A. (2009). Still I rise: How an urban public charter high school fosters students’ resilient development in academic, social and emotional dimensions. (Order No. AAI3348461, Dissertation Abstracts International Section A: Humanities and Social Sciences, , 473.
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